Fall 1959 • Vol. XXI No. 4 Book ReviewsOctober 1, 1959 |

Democracy of the Sick

Freud: The Mind Of The Moralist by Philip Rief. Viking. $6.00. In the emergent democracy of the sick," Rieff writes, near the end of his book on Freud as moralist, "everyone can to some extent play doctor to others, and none is allowed the temerity to claim that he can definitively cure or be cured. The hospital is succeeding the church and the parliament as the archetypal institution of Western culture." Successively in the West, he says, there have been "three character ideals." First there was the ideal of "political man, formed and handed down to us from classical antiquity"; second, the "religious man, formed and handed down to us from Judaism through Christianity"; third, "economic man, the very model of our liberal civilization, formed and handed down to us in the Enlightenment." And now comes a new dominant type, ''psychological man," turning from "might" and "right" to "insight," withdrawing "into a world always at war, where the ego is an armed force capable of achie

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