Summer 1950 • Vol. XII No. 3 NonfictionJuly 1, 1950 |

Anna Karenina: The Dialectic of Incarnation

If there is one notion which represents what Tolstoi is up to in his novels—emphatically in Anna Karenina and War and Peace—it is this. He exposes his created men and women to the "terrible ambiguity of an immediate experience" (Jung's phrase in his Psychology and Religion), and then, by the mimetic power of his imagination, expresses their reactions and responses to that experience. Some reactions are merely protective and make false responses; some reactions are so deep as to amount to a change in the phase of being and make honest responses. The reactions are mechanical or instinctive, the responses personal or spiritual. But both the reactions and the responses have to do with that force greater than ourselves, outside ourselves, and working on ourselves, which whether we call it God or Nature is the force of life, what is shaped or misshaped, construed or misconstrued, in the process of living. Both each individual life and also that life in fellowship which we call society

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