Winter 1985 • Vol. VII No. 1 Book ReviewsJanuary 1, 1985 |

The Fate of Iconography

Géricault, His Life and Work by Lorenz E. A. Eitner. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1983. 376 pages. $85.00. Romanticism and Realism: The Mythology of Nineteenth-Century Art by Charles Rosen and Henri Zerner. New York: The Viking Press, 1984. xi + 244 pages. $22.50. Constable: The Painter and His Landscape by Michael Rosenthal. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1983. viii + 255 pages. $29.95. The iconography of Romantic art has become the focus of intense scrutiny in recent years, perhaps because it is not always evident at first inspection that such art—the landscapes of Turner and Constable, for example—has an iconography. As modern viewers, we tend to accept the image for its own sake, as a representation of the world which needs no further motive than fidelity to the artist's perception. Even in art which unquestionably solicits a further reading of its configurations and gestures, we unconsciously naturalize the subject, for example, the chin chuck which the

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