Winter 1945 • Vol. VII No. 1 Book ReviewsJanuary 1, 1945 |

The Hellenic Ideal

Paideia by Werner Jaeger. Translated from the German by Gilbert Highet. Three volumes. Oxford. $3.75 per vol. $10.00 the set. Professor Jaeger is not only a first rate classical scholar, he is a man of taste, judgment, and intellectual animation. Influenced in his cultural insights by the catastrophic revaluations of Nietzsche, yet with a moderation and sense of form that Nietzsche praised but lacked, he contrives a freshly relevant interpretation of ancient Greek thought by taking as central the concept and problem of paideia. The word paideia has no precise English equivalent. It connotes both education and culture, provided we use these words in their old and honorable sense, having little in common with what Jaeger calls the modern "etiolate thing"—the "vast disorganized external apparatus for living" into which the Greek ideal has been metamorphosed. To the Greeks it was axiomatic—at first unconsciously, then by the time of Socrates with a burning articulate awareness

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