Spring 1989 • Vol. XI No. 2 Book ReviewsApril 1, 1989 |

Religious Immoralism

Jung: A Biography by Gerhard Wehr. New York: Shambhala, 1987. 549 pages. $25.00. William James: His Life and Thought by Gerald E. Myers. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1986. 672 pages. $35.00. If Nietzsche wrote, as he claimed, "with a hammer," his writings parallel in one sense the work of instrumentalists like John Dewey. That is, instrumentalism symbolizes the oppressive overorganization of industrial society. Thus Camp lies in the resemblance between Dewey and Nietzsche; its irony, pathos, sadism, repression, conflict and "charm" are precisely those of industrial culture. In the shadow of all these circumstances lies the fertile ground of neurosis and analogous disorders in our time. Significantly, it was Nietzsche who postulated the belief that human nature manifests a certain pathology as its very essence; that is, its essence lies in the necessity of frustration as a condition of its growth and fulfillment; thus fulfillment is associated with masochism, as Leib

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