Spring 1964 • Vol. XXVI No. 2 Book Reviews |

Enlightenments: French and English

To The Palace Of Wisdom by Martin Price. Doubleday and Company. $5.95. The Party Of Humanity by Peter Gay. Alfred A. Knopf. $6.95. According to Peter Gay, the Enlightenment 1) was critical in spirit; 2) hated the past and had high hopes for the future; 3) considered action the purpose of thought; 4) believed science would create the good life; 5) thought man basically good but corrupted by wicked institutions; and, above all, 6) hated Christianity. Now, this set of attitudes and ideas has been regarded with little enough favor lately. For one thing, the best writers of our time have left no doubt about their hostility. Yeats recalls in a famous passage how he was "deprived by Huxley and Tyndall … of the simple-minded religion of [his] childhood," and so had to construct a new religion out of "poetic tradition, of a fardel of stories, and of emotions inseparable from their first expression, passed on from generation to generation by poets and painters with some help from ph

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